In simple terms, biotechnology is about engineering biology to make stuff.
The term "biotechnology" was coined in 1919 as a way to describe the use of living organisms for making products. The earliest biotechnology companies were founded in the late 1970's after scientists discovered that DNA could be cloned using restriction (cutting) enzymes and ligases (gluing enzymes). Today's biotech industry includes companies that work in many different areas from diagnostics & therapeutics to food & consumer products. Other companies provide services, instrumentation, chemicals (reagents), enzymes, and other products to engineer biology and make stuff.
Biotechnology jobs generally fit into one or more of the broader areas listed on this page. Click any job area below to learn about the types of jobs.